Neohesperidin dihydrochalconesometimes abbreviated to neohesperidin DC or simply NHDCis an artificial sweetener derived from citrus. It is particularly effective in
Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone fdating the bitter tastes of other compounds found in citrus, including limonin and naringin.
Industrially, it is produced by extracting neohesperidin from the bitter orangeand then hydrogenating this to Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone fdating NHDC. NHDC was discovered during the s as part of a United States Department of Agriculture research program to find methods for minimizing the taste of bitter flavorants in citrus juices. Neohesperidin is one such bitter compound. When treated potassium hydroxide or another strong base, and then catalytically hydrogenatedit becomes NHDC.
NHDC in pure form is found as a white substance not unlike powdered sugar. A compound roughly times sweeter than sugar at threshold concentrations; around times sweeter than sugar weight-for-weight.
Its potency is naturally affected by Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone fdating factors as the application in which it is used, and the pH of the product. Like other highly sweet glycosidessuch as glycyrrhizin and those found in steviaNHDC's sweet taste has a slower onset than sugar's and lingers Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone fdating the mouth for some time.
Unlike aspartameNHDC is stable to elevated temperatures and to acidic or basic conditions, and so can be used in applications that require a long shelf life. NHDC itself can stay foodsafe for up to five years when stored in optimal conditions.
The product is well known for having a strong synergistic effect when used in conjunction with other artificial sweeteners such as aspartamesaccharinacesulfame potassiumand cyclamateas well as sugar alcohols such as xylitol.
NHDC usage boosts the effects of these sweeteners at lower concentrations than would otherwise be required; smaller amounts of other sweeteners are needed. This provides a cost benefit. It not been approved as a sweetener in the
Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone fdating States.
In food it is used as a flavour enhancer in concentrations of around parts per million ppm and as an artificial sweetener at around ppm. Pharmaceutical companies are fond of the Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone fdating as a means of reducing the bitterness of pharmacological drugs in tablet form, and it has been used for livestock feed as a means of reducing feeding time.
It is also widely favoured for use in otherwise naturally bitter products. It is noted particularly for enhancing sensory known in the industry as 'mouth feel'. An example of this is 'creaminess' in dairy foods such as yogurt and ice cream.
Other products NHDC can be found in may include a wide variety of beverages, alcoholic and non-alcoholic, savoury foods, toothpastemouthwash and condiments such as ketchup and mayonnaise. NHDC safety has been extensively tested, and all studies have confirmed it . Safety studies have indicated that NHDC is neither toxic, mutagenic or Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone fdating .
As other flavonoids, NHDC is easily metabolized by intestinal microbiota to innocuous products . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Smith, 1st Edition, Dihydrochalcones and their glycosides.
Aspalathin Naringin dihydrochalcone Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone Nothofagin Phlorizin. Retrieved from " "Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone fdating" Sugar substitutes Food additives Dihydrochalcone glycosides. Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
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Has a odorless type odor and an sweet type flavor. Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone "Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone fdating" also known as Neohesperidin DHC, substitute – saccharin and cyclamate before it – dating back to its [ ]. Neohesperidin dihydrochalcone, sometimes abbreviated to neohesperidin DC or simply NHDC, is an artificial sweetener derived from citrus.
It is particularly.